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ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-34

Universal precautions: Awareness and practice of patent medicines vendors in Enugu Metropolis, south east Nigeria


Department of Community Medicine, College Of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu campus, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Patricia Nonye Aniebue
Department of Community Medicine, College Of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu campus
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aim:To determine patent medicine vendor's awareness and practice of universal precautions. Methodology: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out in Enugu metropolis, Enugu State, Nigeria in November, 2008. Three hundred and thirty seven patent medicine vendors were studied using semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaires. Information on awareness and practice of universal precautions were obtained. Results: Two hundred and four ( 60. 5%) of the patent medicine vendors had secondary education. Two hundred and sixty three ( 78%) were not aware of the concept of universal precautions. Of the 74 who had heard of the concept, the mass media was the source of information for 38 ( 51. 4%) of them. Most ( 67. 7%) of patent medicine vendors treat open wounds and administer injections. The proportion who take some precaution or the other ( 50. 7%), is similar to those who do not ( 49. 3%). One hundred and forty four ( 42. 7%) of them, dispose of used sharps inappropriately. Two hundred and twenty three ( 66. 2%) of them are aware of the need for appropriate action after a needle prick; i.e., through accessing HIV screening services or consulting a doctor. Conclusion and recommendation: The patent medicine vendor's awareness and practice of universal precautions is poor. Regular training on universal precautions is recommended.


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