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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 173-176

Longstanding hydrocele in adult black Africans: Is preoperative scrotal ultrasound justified?

1 Pan African Academy of Christian Surgeons at Banso Baptist Hospital, Department of Surgery, Box 9, Kumbo, NWP, Cameroon; Department of Surgery, Tenwek Hospital, Bomet, Kenya
2 Department of Urology, University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX,U.S.A
3 Department of Biostatistics, University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA

Correspondence Address:
Chukwudi O Okorie
Department of Surgery, Tenwek Hospital, P.O. Box 39, Bomet, Kenya

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0300-1652.86130

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Background: Longstanding hydrocele is very common among adult Black Africans. Preoperative scrotal ultrasound is widely used for adult patients presenting with hydrocele, with the main aim to rule out more serious underlying pathologies like malignancy or testicular torsion. This paper analyzes the findings and the necessity of automatic ordering of scrotal ultrasound in cases of longstanding hydrocele in adult Black Africans. Materials and Methods: 102 consecutive patients with longstanding scrotal hydrocele were investigated clinically and all patients also had routine preoperative scrotal ultrasound. Results: Overall, none of our patients had any serious underlying pathology associated with their hydrocele. 97% of the patients had simple hydrocele on ultrasound. Hydrocele is more common on the right (P=0.04) and is more bilateral in elderly patients (P=0.0002). Conclusions: Routine preoperative scrotal ultrasound does not seem to be justified in longstanding hydroceles. This is especially important considering the fact that most hydroceles are benign in origin and nature.

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