Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Users Online: 1366


Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Advertise Contacts Login 
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 236-239

Maternal overweight/obesity characteristics and child anthropometric status in Jos, Nigeria

1 Department of International Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan; Department of Paediatrics, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
2 Department of International Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
3 Department of Paediatrics, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Collins John
Department of Paediatrics, University of Jos, Jos,

Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: This work was supported by the research grants from the Uehara Memorial Foundation and from the Kanae Foundation for the Promotion of Medical Science, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0300-1652.165031

Rights and Permissions

Objective: This study is to determine the pattern of overweight and obesity and its relationship with childhood anthropometric status in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Jos, Nigeria. Interviewer administered questionnaire was used in data collection. Maternal and child anthropometric measurements were obtained using standard WHO methods. Child anthropometric Z scores were obtained from WHO Anthroplus while BMI of mothers were also determined. Totally, 262 mother-child pairs were recruited. Results: Mean maternal age and mean child age were 30.8 ± 6.3 yrs (15-47 yrs) and 22.3 ± 18.7 months (3-72 months). Prevalence of maternal underweight, overweight and obesity was 4.2% (11/262), 29.4% (77/262) and 25.9% (68/262), respectively. Child overweight/obesity was 5.4% (14/262), severe under-nutrition 5.7% (15/262). Mean maternal BMI was higher in the older, more educated and higher socioeconomic status (SES). Child mean birth-weight, weight-for-age Z-score and BMI-for-age Z-score (BAZ) were higher among mothers with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m 2 . All large-for-age babies were in mothers with maternal BMI ≥ 25 kg/m 2 . Childhood over-nutrition was more common in maternal BMI of ≥25 kg/m 2 . Overall, BAZ was directly related with maternal BMI, maternal age and birth-weight, although it was inversely related with maternal BM I ≥ 25 kg/m 2 . Conclusion: Higher BMI is seen in educated and higher SES mothers and this impact on childhood anthropometry.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded20    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal