Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Users Online: 1402

 

Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Advertise Contacts Login 
     
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 297-300

Profiles of acute bacterial meningitis isolates in children in National Hospital, Abuja


Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Kenneth C Iregbu
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, National Hospital Abuja
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0300-1652.169749

Rights and Permissions

Background: Acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. It is an acute medical emergency that requires urgent rational antibiotic therapy, especially in neonates and young infants. Determining the pattern and susceptibility of isolates of ABM among children for prompt treatment of this important cause of mortality and morbidity is very important. This study determined the types and the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of ABM isolates among children at the National Hospital, Abuja. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study carried out at the National Hospital Abuja (NHA), Nigeria. Laboratory data for a period of 3 years, January 2010-December 2013 were reviewed, and all bacterial isolates and their antibiotics sensitivity testing results for children aged 0-15 years, and other relevant information extracted and analyzed. Study center was the NHA. Results: Twenty-eight bacterial pathogens were isolated from a total of 542 cerebrospinal specimens over the study period, giving a yield of 5.2%. The four most common pathogens isolated were Staphylococcus aureus (32.2%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (21.5%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (17.6%), and Escherichia coli (14.3%). Whereas, 28.6% of all the infections occurred in neonates alone, children 2 years and below had 85.7% of all the infections, with male preponderance. Isolates of S. aureus and S. pneumonia tested were both 100% susceptible to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and Cefuroxime; S. pneumoniae was equally sensitive to Ceftriaxone. K. pneumoniae was 100% sensitive to Imipenem, but 83% to ceftriaxone. 75% of the isolated E. coli strains were sensitive to ceftriaxone, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, and amikacin, 100% sensitive to imipenem. Conclusion: Meningitis in children as seen in the National hospital is almost equally caused by both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms, predominantly by S. aureus, S. pneumoniae, K. pneumoniae, and E. coli. Available drugs remain active against these organisms.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed3494    
    Printed57    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded19    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 3    

Recommend this journal