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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 349-352

The influence of occupational stress factors on nicotine dependence among students of health and nonhealth care professional colleges


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, National Dental College and Hospital, Dera Bassi, Punjab, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Teerthankar Dental College, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, SDDHDC, Panchkula, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, MM Dental College, Mullana, India
5 Private Dental Practitioner, Conservative and Endodontist, Ambala, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Amandeep Chopra
Department of Public Health Dentistry, National Dental College and Hospital, Dera Bassi, SAS Nagar, Mohali, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0300-1652.170391

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Objectives: To study the relationship between perceived job stress measured using Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) scale and nicotine dependence using Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) scale among students of health and nonhealth care professional colleges. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried on convenient sample of 408 health and nonhealth care professional who were current smokers. Nicotine dependence was measured using the FTND. The extent of the stress factors experienced at work was assessed using the ERI. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used for the statistical analysis. Results: Occupational stress factors are actually associated with higher levels of nicotine dependence (odds ratio = 4.523). The degree of nicotine dependence and stress imbalance was found to be more among health care professional students as compared to nonhealth care professional students (P < 0.05). Being religious was found to have a significant effect in reducing nicotine dependence. Conclusion: Being religious, having low occupational stress and being nonhealth care professional have a significant effect on the prevention of nicotine dependence.


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