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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-49

Evaluation of outcomes of tuberculosis management in private for profit and private-not-for profit directly observed treatment short course facilities in Lagos State, Nigeria


1 Department of Community Health and Primary Health Care, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Alausa, Ikeja, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Ogun, Nigeria
3 Department of Medical Services, Central Bank of , Lagos, Nigeria
4 Department of Disease Control Lagos State TB and Leprosy Control Programme, Lagos State Ministry of Health, Alausa, Ikeja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Olusola Adedeji Adejumo
Department of Community Health and Primary Health Care, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0300-1652.218417

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Background: The engagement of private practitioners in the public-private mix of tuberculosis (TB) management started in 2007 in Lagos State Nigeria. This study compared the treatment outcomes of patients managed at private for profit (PFP) and private not for profit (PNFP) directly observed treatment short course (DOTS) facilities. Methods: A retrospective review of treatment cards of TB patients managed between January 1, 2012, and June 30, 2012, in seven PFP and four PNFP DOTS facilities that served as treatment and microscopy center under the Lagos State TB and Leprosy Control Programme (LSTBLCP) at least 2 years before data collection was conducted. Results: A total of 372 treatment cards of TB patients were reviewed, of which 132 (35.5%) and 240 (64.5%) were from PFP and PNFP DOTS facilities, respectively. Treatment success rate was higher among patients managed at PFP (89.4%) DOTS facilities than PNFP (81.3%) DOTS facilities (P = 0.04). The proportion of patients lost to follow-up (12.5% vs. 8.3%), dead (3.3% vs. 1.5%) and treatment failure (2.5% vs. 0.8%) was higher among patients managed at PNFP DOTS facilities (P > 0.05). The odds that patients treated at PFP DOTS facilities had treatment success were about four times higher than PNFP DOTS facilities when other variables have been controlled for (P < 0.05). Conclusion: There is need by the LSTBLCP to engage more private practitioners to increase case detection and improve treatment outcomes of TB patients.


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