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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 165-168

Human immunodeficiency virus self-testing in adolescents living in Sub-Saharan Africa: An advocacy


1 Ecole Doctorale Régionale D'Afrique Centrale en Infectiologie Tropicale, Franceville, Gabon; Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
2 Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I; The Institute for the Development of Africa, Yaounde
3 UNAIDS, University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad
4 G-Lab, Casablanca, Marocco
5 Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
6 Laboratory of Virology, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France

Correspondence Address:
Serge Tonen-Wolyec
Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/nmj.NMJ_75_19

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Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has become the leading cause of death among adolescents (aged 10–19) in sub-Saharan Africa. Less than 20% of African adolescents know their human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status, whereas HIV testing remains the gateway to care. To end the AIDS epidemic by 2030 according to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS target, it is necessary to introduce scalable HIV testing strategies specific to different settings such as age groups, populations, and geographical areas. Demonstrated evidence on HIV self-testing (HIVST) in sub-Saharan Africa settings is reported, including data among adolescents. The All In initiative, which is the current international platform for the fight against HIV in adolescents is a good opportunity to address the challenge of HIV testing, including HIVST. Adapted strategies of HIVST such as (i) implementation of several listening and recreation centers for adolescents, (ii) door-to-door HIVST approach, and (iii) reducing the age of consent is urgently needed to promote HIV testing among adolescents living in Africa.


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