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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 181-185

Soil-transmitted helminths and associated risk factors among elementary school pupils in Dadin Kowa, Jos

1 Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
2 Department of Science, Plateau State Polytechnic Barkin Ladi, Bukuru, Nigeria
3 Department of Midwifery, School of Midwifery Makurdi, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Abednego Samuel Dahal
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/nmj.NMJ_62_19

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Background: Soil-transmitted helminths are intestinal parasites of humans transmitted through contaminated soil. They are considered neglected tropical diseases found mainly in areas with warm and moist climates where living condition and personal hygiene are poor. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths among primary school pupils in Kangang community of Dadin Kowa, Jos. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 136 elementary school pupils from three selected schools in Kangang community in Dadin Kowa of Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State between April 2018 and June 2018. Stool samples were collected from all the consented participants in a sterile, universal sampling container prelabeled with the participant's identification number. The samples were analyzed within 2 h of collection using parasites concentration technique and microscopy. The results obtained were analyzed using SPSS version 21. Results: The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminthiasis among the study population was 42.6%. Ascaris lumbricoides (25.7%) was the most common parasites, followed by Trichuris trichiura (10.3%). Hookworm infection was observed in 5.1%, while strongyloidiasis caused 1.5% of STHs. The male participants had a prevalence of 55.2% compared to the females who had a prevalence rate of 44.8%. Based on the schools where the participants were recruited, STHs was more prevalence among participant from KS school with rate of 51.2% followed by EBI school (40.0%), while LP school had the least infection rate of 38.1%. Conclusion: This study revealed the prevalence of STHs among school pupils in Kangang community of Dadin kowa, Jos, as 42.6%. A. lumbricoides was the most common STHs in the area. Males were more infected than females. Age and type of toilet used by the participant were found to be significantly associated with STHs infection.

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