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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 129-135

Distribution of medical conditions among dental patients

1 Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Pathology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Elijah Olufemi Oyetola
Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/nmj.NMJ_80_19

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Aims: The aim of the study was to determine the distribution of medical conditions among dental patients in our local environment. Settings and Design: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at the Oral Diagnosis (OD) Clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex (OAUTHC), Ile-Ife, Osun State. Materials and Methods: Participants were selected using a simple random method from the pool of dental patients who presented at the OD Clinic of OAUTHC during the study period. Information was obtained from each participant using a structured questionnaire organized into sections. Section 1 collected information on participants' biodata such as age, sex, and weight. Section 2 recorded data on the history of the presence of relevant oral and systemic symptoms, while section 3 collected information on findings from intraoral and extraoral examination. Statistical Analysis Used: The results were analyzed using STATA 13 statistical software. Results: Of the 1503 patients who visited dental hospital during the study period, 176 (11.7%) had medical problems. The mean age of patients with medical problems was 48.5 ± 21.0 years. The mean age was higher in men compared to women (P = 0.013). More than one-fifth (21.6%) of the patients were first diagnosed in the dental clinic. Hypertension was the most frequently seen medical condition, closely followed by peptic ulcer and diabetes mellitus. Patients whose medical problems were first diagnosed following dental consultation were significantly older than those with known medical conditions. Conclusions: Prevalence of medical conditions in dental patients is high. Hypertension is the most frequently associated systemic conditions among dental patients. Medical conditions were common among older age group (>50 years), males, and those with gum problems.

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