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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 196-200

The rise and fall of female sterilization in Jos, Nigeria: A cause for concern

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Josiah T. Mutihir
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/nmj.NMJ_54_20

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Background: Female sterilization is a permanent form of contraception offered to women who have completed their family size. Other methods are all temporary and meant to be reversible. A high-quality female sterilization service was introduced in Jos with the assistance of training in counseling and minilaparotomy under local anesthesia in May 1985. After training, female sterilization became available for couples desiring it on completion of family size. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of all clients who had female sterilization for contraception between 1985 and 2019. The clinic register was retrieved and evaluated for acceptances of all contraceptive methods within the period and trends observed. Results: Over the 35 years, a total of 29,167 new clients accepted modern family planning methods. Out of these, a total of 5167 were female sterilizations, constituting 17.7% of the new acceptors. The temporary methods of contraception constituted 82.3%. The other methods used were the intrauterine device 8357 (28.7%), the oral pills 5125 (17.6%), the injectables 5235 (17.9%), and the contraceptive implants 5283 (18.1%). Although female sterilization was 4th among the five methods studied, there was however a gradual decline in its acceptance from a peak of 36.1% in 1992 to 1.4% in the year 2018. Conclusion: The acceptance of female sterilization rose to a peak in 1992 and declined to the lowest level in 2018, occasioned in part by the introduction of varieties of contraceptive implants providing long acting, reversible, and cheap contraception.

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